54 Ethnic Groups

Vietnam is a tropical country situated in South East of Asia. It has 54 ethnic groups with about 86 million people (1999 census).  Living on the Indochina land - where it is a gateway in connection with Southeast Asia mainland with Southeast Asia islands, Vietnam is the mixture place of different cultures in the region.

Here, there are enough three big linguistics families in the Southeast Asia, the linguistics family of Southern islands and the Chinese-Tibeto linguistics family. Based on their languages, the ethnologists have divided the Vietnamese nation into eight groups as follows:


The Viet (Kinh) people account for 88% of the country's population and mainly inhabit the Red River delta, the central coastal delta, the Mekong delta and major cities. The other 53 ethnic minority groups, totalling over 8 million people, are scattered over mountain areas (covering two-thirds of the country's territory) spreading from the North to the South.

Among ethnic minorities, the most populated are Tay, Thai, Muong, Hoa, Khmer, Nung... with a population of around 1 million each, while the least populated are Brau, Ro Mam, O Du with several hundred people each.

Listed in alphabetical order:
  1. Ba Na ethnic group
  2. Bo Y ethnic group
  3. Brau ethnic group
  4. Bru Van Kieu ethnic group
  5. Cham ethnic group
  6. Cho Ro ethnic group
  7. Chu Ru ethnic group
  8. Chut ethnic group
  9. Co ethnic group
  10. Cong ethnic group
  11. Co Ho ethnic group
  12. Co Lao ethnic group
  13. Co Tu ethnic group
  14. Dao ethnic group
  15. E De ethnic group
  16. Giay ethnic group
  17. Gia Rai ethnic group
  18. Gie Trieng ethnic group
  19. Ha Nhi ethnic group
  20. Hoa ethnic group
  21. Hre ethnic group
  22. Khang ethnic group
  23. Khmer ethnic group
  24. KhMu ethnic group
  25. Viet (Kinh) ethnic group
  26. La Chi ethnic group
  27. La Ha ethnic group
  28. La Hu ethnic group
  29. Lao ethnic group
  30. Lo Lo ethnic group
  31. Lu ethnic group
  32. Ma ethnic group
  33. Mang ethnic group
  34. Mong (H'Mong) ethnic group
  35. M'nong ethnic group
  36. Muong ethnic group
  37. Ngai ethnic group
  38. Nung ethnic group
  39. O Du ethnic group
  40. Pa Then ethnic group
  41. Phu La ethnic group
  42. Pu Peo ethnic group
  43. Ra Glai ethnic group
  44. Ro Mam ethnic group
  45. San Chay ethnic group
  46. San Diu ethnic group
  47. Si La ethnic group
  48. Tay ethnic group
  49. Ta Oi ethnic group
  50. Thai ethnic group
  51. Tho ethnic group
  52. Xinh Mun ethnic group
  53. Xo Dang ethnic group
  54. Xtieng ethnic group